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Belgrade

 

Belgrade is the capital and the largest city in Serbia with the population of 1.7 million people. It is one of the oldest capital cities in the world that was settled over 7000 years ago, due to its unique location. Neolithic settlements have been found around the city; the most significant one named Vinca located in the suburb of Belgrade. Today it is the capital of Serbian culture, education, politics and economy. With numerous cultural monuments, museums, parks, rivers, hotels, restaurants, taverns, clubs and coffee places this city offers something for everyone.

The ’’White city’’ located on the confluence of rivers Sava and Danube was founded by a Celtic tribe in 3 rd century BC. It was conquered many times through its history due to its position on the border between the East and the West. It was ruled by many different conquerors: Romans, Goths, Byzantines, Slavs, Bulgarians, Turks, Hungarians, Austrians. The most important area being conquered in city’s history was Belgrade Fortress, where the Romans built the first fortification in 1 st century. Today this place is a true witness of all those changes that can still be seen at the Upper and Lower town of the fortress with many gates and walls, towers, churches and cultural monuments. Symbol of Belgrade Fortress is Victor monument built in 1928, a work of a famous sculptor Ivan Mestrovic. Kalemegdan Park is located around Belgrade Fortress. The name comes from the Turkish language – kale, meaning castle and megdan, meaning a field. As its name suggests, this park is designed as a field in front of Belgrade Fortress in 19 th century. Today it is the most visited green area of the city where you can enjoy a beautiful panoramic view of the whole city.

belgrade        Saint Sava temple        belgrade

 

Ada Ciganlija is also known as the ‘’Belgrade Sea’’. If you are visiting Belgrade during the spring or summer season, do not miss this river island awarded with the Blue Flag, a favourite place of Belgrade’s residents to enjoy the Sun, swim, ride bicycles, play sports or relax by the beach or in the surrounding bars and cafes.
Skadarlija is an area around Skadarska Street best known as the Bohemian quarter of the city. Once a meeting point of all the Belgrade’s bohemians – artists, poets, writers, actors – today it is a street filled with Serbian traditional restaurants where the live music is usually played in the evening and you have a chance to try some of the specialties of Balkan cuisine. It is often compared to Montmartre in Paris, Plaka in Athens, Bascarsija in Sarajevo…
Zemun was once a town across Belgrade, a part of Austrian territory, but today it is one of Belgrade’s municipalities and a part of the city that you shouldn’t miss during your visit to Belgrade. The Millenium Tower is the symbol of Zemun. It is a 36 meters high tower built by Hungarians in 1896. Zemun Fortress is the oldest building in Zemun, whose remains date back to 15 th century. Traditional restaurants are lined up around the Zemun Old town on the Danube river bank where you can enjoy your evenings tasting Serbian cuisine and listening to live old city music.
Must-visit museums in Belgrade are Nikola Tesla Museum – dedicated to the life and deeds of this world-famous Serbian scientist who electrified the world and Museum of Yugoslavia – that holds more than 200,000 artefacts representing the fascinating history of Yugoslavia and its lifelong president Josip Broz Tito, whose grave is located in the House of Flowers, one of the Museum buildings.